We recived your appointment request and our team will reach you out ASAP. We really appreciate you giving us a moment of your time today.
Cholecystectomy is a medical procedure that involves the removal of the gallbladder and is frequently used to treat symptomatic gallstones and other gallbladder conditions. In the United States, it is the eighth most common surgical procedure performed in hospitals. The surgery can be performed using either a laparoscopic or an open surgical technique. While the procedure is generally effective in alleviating symptoms, around 10% of patients may experience similar symptoms postoperatively, known as postcholecystectomy syndrome. There are various complications associated with cholecystectomy, including bile duct injury, wound infection, bleeding, retained gallstones, abscess formation, and narrowing of the bile duct known as stenosis. During laparoscopic cholecystectomy, a small camera known as a laparoscope is used to illuminate the abdominal cavity and provide a magnified view of the internal organs and tissues. The cystic artery and cystic duct are then identified, dissected, ligated with clips, and cut to enable removal of the gallbladder through one of the small incisions made in the abdomen.
What is a Gallbladder?
The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ located in the upper right side of the abdomen. It is part of the digestive system and functions to store and release bile, a fluid produced by the liver that helps digest fats. When food containing fat enters the small intestine, the gallbladder contracts and releases bile through a duct into the intestine, where it helps break down the fat. The gallbladder is not essential for survival, and it can be removed if it becomes diseased or inflamed. However, removal of the gallbladder can affect the digestion of fat and may require changes in diet.
What are the common conditions that can affect your gallbladder?
Here are four common conditions that can affect the gallbladder:
• Gallstones: Gallstones are hardened deposits of digestive fluid that can form in the gallbladder. They can cause pain and other symptoms when they block the bile ducts.
• Cholecystitis: This is a condition where the gallbladder becomes inflamed, usually due to gallstones. It can cause severe pain, fever, and other symptoms.
• Biliary Dyskinesia: This is a condition where the gallbladder does not empty properly, leading to pain and other symptoms.
• Gallbladder Cancer: Although rare, gallbladder cancer can develop in the gallbladder and may require surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation treatment.
What are the treatments available for gallstones?
There are several treatments available for gallstones, depending on the severity and symptoms of the condition. Here are four common treatments:
• Observation: If the gallstones are small and not causing any symptoms, the doctor may choose to monitor them over time without treatment.
• Medications: Certain medications can be used to dissolve gallstones, particularly if the stones are made of cholesterol. However, this treatment can take months to be effective, and the stones may return after the medication is stopped.
• Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP): This is a procedure where an endoscope is passed through the mouth and into the small intestine to locate and remove stones from the bile ducts.
• Surgery: Surgery to remove the gallbladder, known as a cholecystectomy, is the most common and effective treatment for gallstones. It can be performed as a laparoscopic procedure or as an open surgery, depending on the severity of the condition. This surgery is generally safe and has a low risk of complications.
How Laparoscopic Gallbladder surgery is performed?
Laparoscopic Gallbladder surgery, also known as Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy, is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used to remove the gallbladder. It involves making several small incisions in the abdomen, through which a laparoscope and other surgical instruments are inserted. The laparoscope provides a video image of the inside of the abdomen, allowing the surgeon to remove the gallbladder with precision. This procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia and has a shorter recovery time and less scarring than traditional open surgery. It is a safe and effective treatment option for patients with gallbladder disease.
Advantages of laparoscopic surgery over open surgery:
|Advantages of Laparoscopic Surgery
Note: The advantages listed above are generalizations and may vary based on the specific surgical procedure and patient characteristics.
What causes gall bladder stone?
Here are the common causes of gallstones:
• Excess cholesterol in bile - when there is too much cholesterol in the bile, it can form into solid crystals and eventually into gallstones.
• Excess bilirubin in bile - bilirubin is a waste product that is created when old red blood cells are broken down. When there is too much bilirubin in the bile, it can form into solid crystals and eventually into gallstones.
• Incomplete emptying of the gallbladder - if the gallbladder doesn't empty completely or often enough, the bile may become concentrated and form into stones.
• Obesity - being overweight or obese increases the risk of developing gallstones.
• Rapid weight loss - losing weight quickly can increase the risk of developing gallstones.
• Genetics - having a family history of gallstones increases the risk of developing them.
• Age and gender - gallstones are more common in women over the age of 40.
• Certain medical conditions - conditions such as liver cirrhosis, Crohn's disease, and sickle cell anemia can increase the risk of developing gallstones.
What are the symptoms of gallstones?
Here are the common symptoms of gallstones:
• Abdominal pain - usually located in the upper right side or center of the abdomen and can be severe, intermittent or constant.
• Nausea and vomiting - especially after eating fatty or greasy foods.
• Jaundice - yellowing of the skin and eyes, dark urine, and pale stools.
• Bloating and indigestion - feeling of fullness or discomfort in the upper abdomen after meals.
• Back pain - pain between the shoulder blades or in the right shoulder.
• Fever and chills - if the gallbladder becomes infected due to a blocked bile duct.
• Clay-colored stools - due to the lack of bile in the digestive system.
Note: These symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, so it's important to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis.
How to prevent gall bladder stones?
Here are some tips on how to prevent gallstones:
• Maintain a healthy weight - obesity is a risk factor for developing gallstones, so maintaining a healthy weight through diet and exercise can help reduce the risk.
• Eat a healthy diet - eating a diet low in fat and cholesterol and high in fiber can help reduce the risk of gallstones.
• Stay hydrated - drinking plenty of water can help prevent the bile from becoming concentrated and forming stones.
• Avoid rapid weight loss - losing weight too quickly can increase the risk of developing gallstones.
• Exercise regularly - regular physical activity can help reduce the risk of gallstones.
• Limit alcohol intake - excessive alcohol consumption can increase the risk of developing gallstones.
What are the risk of leaving gallstones untreated?
Here are the risks of leaving gallstones untreated:
• Biliary colic - repeated episodes of intense pain due to the gallstones moving and blocking the bile ducts.
• Inflammation of the gallbladder - a blockage of the cystic duct by a gallstone can cause inflammation of the gallbladder, a condition known as cholecystitis.
• Inflammation of the pancreas - gallstones can block the pancreatic duct, causing inflammation of the pancreas, a condition known as pancreatitis.
• Jaundice - if the bile ducts become blocked, bilirubin can build up in the blood, causing yellowing of the skin and eyes.
• Infection - if the gallbladder becomes inflamed or infected, it can lead to a life-threatening condition known as sepsis.
• Perforation - in rare cases, a severely inflamed gallbladder can burst or perforate, which can cause severe abdominal pain and require emergency surgery.
• Increased risk of gallbladder cancer - although rare, leaving gallstones untreated can increase the risk of developing gallbladder cancer.
Note: If you are experiencing symptoms of gallstones, it's important to seek medical attention promptly to avoid these potential complications.
I had the privilege of being treated by Dr. Ghosh for my gallbladder surgery, and I cannot speak highly enough of his professionalism, expertise, and compassion. He took the time to explain the procedure in detail, and patiently answered all of my questions and concerns. His confident and reassuring demeanor immediately put me at ease, and I knew I was in good hands.
Dr Ghosh is an excellent Gastro surgeon. He has got hands of Magician. He has done Laparoscopy Gall Bladder Stone Surgery of me recently and I am really thankful to him for his effort in making the entire procedure very smoothly. What I like about Dr Somak most is his confidence level in operating patients and the way he communicates anything and everything related to treatment procedure. Thank you for everything Doctor and the entire team🙏
The best Gall bladder Surgeon in kolkata. He is so caring towards his patients. My wife was very nervous about the whole procedure but the way he has taken care of my wife. My wife felt pretty confident. Now she is doing fine. Thanks to the doctor. Who has helped us in every possible way.He had operated the laproscopic gall bladder operation. Which went successfully. He gave us confidence throughout the procedure. Thank you for being such a support.
My mother got treatment for hernia by Dr Somak Ghosh in August this year. We had a positive experience with him and he kindly explained us the course of treatment and suggested laparoscopic hernia repair surgery. He also explained how quality mesh are important for hernia surgery. My mother face very less discomfort and recovered quickly. Thanks to the Doctor and he is the best surgeon in Kolkata.